We hear the word used conversationally—“that was so traumatic!”—and sometimes, it’s true. Yet, many forms of trauma don’t come up in conversation at all. What is trauma, really? In this series, we are going to take a closer look at what trauma means, its effects, and how we can move forward toward healing.
The Diagnostic Statistical Manual-V defines trauma as “exposure to actual or threatened death, serious injury, or sexual violence through direct experience, witnessing the event, learning it occurred to a family member or friend, or being repeatedly exposed to details of a traumatic event.” This includes things such as abuse (physical, sexual, psychological), domestic violence, neglect, community or school violence, major accidents, natural disasters, violent crime, traumatic loss and grief, and terrorism.
Within those definitions, there are a few different types of trauma:
Trauma is pervasive and multi-layered by nature—it touches every aspect of a person’s life. In part 2 of this series, we will address what happens in the brain during trauma.
Written by: Courtney Hintermeyer
Originally posted on Grow Counseling